Calzone – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Pastry Types Glossary

I. What is Calzone?

Calzone is a type of Italian pastry that is similar to a folded pizza or turnover. It is typically made with pizza dough that is filled with various ingredients such as cheese, meats, vegetables, and herbs. The dough is then folded over the filling and sealed to create a half-moon shape. Calzones are usually baked until the dough is golden brown and crispy, creating a delicious and satisfying meal.

II. History of Calzone

The origins of calzone can be traced back to Naples, Italy, where it is believed to have been created as a way to enjoy pizza on the go. The word “calzone” actually means “trouser leg” in Italian, which is thought to refer to the shape of the pastry when folded over. Calzones have been a popular street food in Italy for centuries, with vendors selling them from carts and stalls to hungry passersby.

III. Ingredients in Calzone

The ingredients used in calzone can vary depending on personal preference and regional traditions. However, some common ingredients include mozzarella cheese, ricotta cheese, tomato sauce, pepperoni, sausage, mushrooms, onions, and bell peppers. Herbs such as basil, oregano, and garlic are often used to add flavor to the filling. The dough used for calzone is typically made from flour, water, yeast, salt, and olive oil.

IV. Variations of Calzone

While the classic calzone is filled with cheese, meats, and vegetables, there are many variations of this popular pastry. Some popular variations include:
– Vegetarian calzone: filled with a variety of vegetables such as spinach, mushrooms, and roasted red peppers.
– Seafood calzone: filled with shrimp, crab, and a creamy seafood sauce.
– Dessert calzone: filled with sweet ingredients such as Nutella, fruit, and ricotta cheese.
– Breakfast calzone: filled with eggs, bacon, and cheese, perfect for a hearty morning meal.

V. Serving and Eating Calzone

Calzones are typically served hot and fresh from the oven, with a side of marinara sauce for dipping. They can be eaten by hand, similar to a slice of pizza, or with a knife and fork for a neater dining experience. The crispy crust and gooey filling make calzones a satisfying and comforting meal that is perfect for lunch, dinner, or a late-night snack.

VI. Popular Calzone Recipes

1. Classic Calzone:
– Ingredients: pizza dough, mozzarella cheese, ricotta cheese, pepperoni, tomato sauce, basil, oregano.
– Instructions: Roll out the pizza dough into a circle, spread tomato sauce on one half, top with cheese, pepperoni, and herbs. Fold over the other half of the dough, seal the edges, and bake until golden brown.

2. Vegetarian Calzone:
– Ingredients: pizza dough, mozzarella cheese, ricotta cheese, spinach, mushrooms, roasted red peppers, garlic.
– Instructions: Follow the same steps as the classic calzone, but substitute the meat with a variety of vegetables for a delicious vegetarian option.

3. Dessert Calzone:
– Ingredients: pizza dough, Nutella, ricotta cheese, fruit (such as strawberries or bananas), powdered sugar.
– Instructions: Roll out the pizza dough, spread Nutella on one half, top with ricotta cheese and fruit. Fold over the other half, seal the edges, and bake until the dough is crispy. Sprinkle with powdered sugar before serving.

In conclusion, calzone is a versatile and delicious pastry that can be filled with a variety of ingredients to suit any taste preference. Whether enjoyed as a savory meal or a sweet treat, calzone is a popular choice for a satisfying and comforting dish. Try making your own calzone at home with one of these popular recipes and enjoy a taste of Italy in your own kitchen. Buon appetito!